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Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer

Surgery

A biopsy of the suspect tissue can provide an absolute diagnosis of testicular cancer. If a suspicious mass is found and other conditions are ruled out surgery is the most common form of treatment for most testicular cancers. There are two main types of surgery depending on the type of cancer that is found.

Surgery: Orchidectomy

Orchidectomy involves the surgical removal of the testicle. This procedure is performed in hospital under general anaesthetic. An incision is made into the groin, where the blood vessel leading to the testicle is first cut off in a bid to prevent cancer cells ‘spilling’ into the rest of the body.

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Surgery: Retroperitoneal lymph Node Dissection (RPLND)

Depending on the type and stage of the cancer, some lymph nodes at the back of the abdomen (around the large blood vessels known as the aorta and inferior vena cava) may also be removed at the same time as the orchidectomy or during a second operation.

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Chemotherapy

This is commonly used in the treatment of testicular cancer that has spread beyond the testicle. In some cases it is used when the cancer appears to be still confined to the testicle.

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