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Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Surgery

The treatment of prostate cancer depends on the stage of the cancer and the overall health status of the patient and may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy. Surgery involves the complete removal of the cancerous prostate gland and also helps confirm the diagnosis, by biopsy, and ascertain the need for any additional therapy.

Surgery: Radical Prostatectomy

Radical prostatectomy is a surgical procedure to treat prostate cancer and involves removal of the whole prostate gland, seminal vesicles and the surrounding tissues through an incision in the lower abdomen.

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Active Surveillance

Watchful waiting and active surveillance are treatments used for older men who do not have signs or symptoms or have other medical conditions, and for men whose prostate cancer is found during a screening test.

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Seed Brachytherapy

Prostate brachytherapy involves the placement of radioactive material directly into the prostate gland. These implants can be in the form or wires or radioactive iodine ‘seeds’.

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Radiotherapy

Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing. There are two types of radiation therapy.

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Advanced Prostate Cancer Treatment

Hormone Therapy

Hormone Therapy is another option for treating Prostate Cancer. It is most commonly used in the treatment of malignancies that have spread beyond the prostate.

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Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy concerns the use of special cytotoxic drugs to treat cancers by either killing the cancer cells or slowing their growth. Chemotherapy drugs travel round the body and attack rapidly growing cells, which may also include healthy cells in the body as well as cancer cells.

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